Cheng Zhang* Pages 473 - 481 ( 9 )
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is characterized by amenorrhea, hypergonadotropism and hypoestrogenism before the age of 40, which affects 1% of women in the general population. POF is complex and heterogeneous due to its pathogenetic mechanisms. It is one of the significant causes of female infertility. Although many treatments are available for POF, these therapies are less efficient and trigger many side effects. Therefore, to find effective therapeutics for POF is urgently required. Due to stem cells having self-renewal and regeneration potential, they may be effective for the treatment of ovarian failure and consequently infertility. Recent studies have found that stem cells therapy may be able to restore the ovarian structure and function in animal models of POF and provide an effective treatment method. The present review summarizes the biological roles and the possible signaling mechanisms of the different stem cells in POF ovary. Further study on the precise mechanisms of stem cells on POF may provide novel insights into the female reproduction, which not only enhances the understanding of the physiological roles but also supports effective therapy for recovering ovarian functions against infertility.
Premature ovarian failure, stem cells, ovary, gonadotropin, amenorrhea, hypergonadotropism, hypoestrogenism.
College of Life Science, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048