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Mesenchymal stem cell-derived exosomes for treatment of ischemic stroke

Author(s):

Rucheng Liu , Yi Zhang, Yundi Zhang*, Maryam Farzaneh* and Seyed Esmaeil Khoshnam  

Abstract:


Stroke is a life-threatening disease and one of the leading causes of death and physical disability worldwide. Currently, no drugs on the market promote neural recovery after stroke insult, and spontaneous remodeling processes are limited to induce recovery in the ischemic regions. Therefore, promoting a cell-based therapy has been needed to elevate the endogenous recovery process. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been regarded as candidate cell sources for therapeutic purposes of ischemic stroke, which their therapeutic effects are mediated by exosomes. The microRNA cargo in these extracellular vesicles is mostly responsible for the positive effects. When it comes to the therapeutic viewpoint, MSCs-derived exosomes could be a promising therapeutic strategy against ischemic stroke. The aim of this review is to discuss the current knowledge around the potential of MSCs-derived exosomes in the treatment of ischemic stroke.

Keywords:

Ischemic stroke, Mesenchymal stem cells, Exosome, MicroRNA, therapeutic strategy, extracellular vesicles

Affiliation:

School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, School of Medicine, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100020, Fertility, Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Persian Gulf Physiology Research Center, Medical Basic Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz



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