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Evaluation of Differentiation Quality of Several Differentiation Inducers of Bone Marrow-derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells to Nerve Cells by Assessing Expression of Beta-tubulin 3 Marker: A Systematic Review

[ Vol. 16 , Issue. 8 ]


Mohsen Karami Fath, Farhad Zahedi, Zahra Sadat Hashemi and Saeed Khalili*   Pages 994 - 1004 ( 11 )


Neurological diseases have different etiological causes. Contemporary, developing an effective treatment for these diseases is an ongoing challenge. Cell therapy is recognized as one of the promising solutions for the treatment of these diseases. Amongst various types of stem cells, bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC) are known to be the most widely used stem cells. These cells are endowed with appealing properties such as the ability to differentiate into other cell types, including the muscle, liver, glial, and nerve cells. In this review study, we have systematically evaluated the ability of a variety of chemical compounds used in the last ten years to differentiate BM-MSCs into neurons by examining the expression level of beta-tubulin 3 protein. The present study is a systematic search performed at three separate databases, including PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Embase from August 2009 to August 2019. The search results in the three mentioned databases were 323 articles and finally, 8 articles were selected and carefully examined considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The results showed that different chemical compounds such as ROCK inhibitors, sex steroid hormones, bFGF, NGF, Noggin, 4 OHT, TSA, VPA, Antidepressants, Neurosteroids (Dex and E2), and DHA are involved in different signaling pathways, such as ERK, AKT, BMP, DHA / GPR40, Rho-dependent phosphorylation, and histone deacetylase inhibitors. Further investigation of these signaling pathways may open the way for better differentiation of BM-MSCs into neurons.


Bone marrow, mesenchymal stem cell, neuron, chemical inducer, beta tubulin3, systematic review.


Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, ATMP Department, Breast Cancer Research Center, Motamed Cancer Institute, ACECR, Tehran, Department of Biology Sciences, Shahid Rajaee Teacher Training University, Tehran

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