Mehdi Forouzesh, Mojgan Hosseini*, Mehran Ataei, Maryam Farzaneh* and Seyed Esmaeil Khoshnam Pages 888 - 896 ( 9 )
Liver disease (hepatic disease) adversely affects the normal function of the liver and causes liver problems. Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) can be predicted by primary human hepatocytes. However, the sources of hepatocytes for large-scale drug toxicity screening are limited. To solve this problem, pluripotent stem cells (PSCs), mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and hepatic stem cells (HSCs) have emerged as attractive cell sources for cell-based therapies. Human PSCs, including embryonic stem cells (ESCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) have the ability to undergo self-renewal and differentiate into lineages of ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm. Human PSC can be used for the generation of hepatocytes to facilitate the development of novel drugs for the treatment of severe liver diseases. The therapeutic potential of PSC-derived hepatocytes for liver failure have been identified to enhance the development of chemically defined and xenogenic- free 3D culture methods. To date, several hepatic differentiation strategies and various extracellular matrix (ECM) components have been employed to produce hepatocytes or hepatic-like cells (HLCs) in vitro. In this review, we focused on the potential of Matrigel, collagen type 1, Ro- Gel, and laminin as ECM on the differentiation and function of hESC- and hiPSC-derived hepatocytes. The hepatic differentiation of human ESCs and iPSCs would offer an ideal tool for cell therapy and liver diseases.
Liver diseases, pluripotent stem cells, hepatocytes, xenogenic-free culture, extracellular matrix, laminin.
Legal Medicine Research Center, Legal Medicine Organization, Tehran, Department of Science, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Tehran, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Fertility, Infertility and Perinatology Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Persian Gulf, Physiology Research Center, Medical Basic Sciences Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz