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Mesenchymal Stem Cell Therapy for Oral Inflammatory Diseases: Research Progress and Future Perspectives

Author(s):

Wang Gong, Fei Wang, Yuqing He, Blake Heath, Xin Zeng, Dunfang Zhang* and Qianming Chen   Pages 1 - 11 ( 11 )

Abstract:


Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy for clinical diseases associated with inflammation and tissue damage has become a progressive treatment strategy. MSCs have unique biological functions, such as homing, immune regulation, and differentiation capabilities, which provide the prerequisites for treatment of clinical diseases. Oral diseases are often associated with abnormal immune regulation and epithelial tissue damage. In this review, we summarize previous studies that use MSC therapy to treat various oral inflammatory diseases, including oral ulceration, allergic diseases, chemo/radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis, periodontitis, osteonecrosis of the jaw, Sjögren's syndrome (SS), among other similar diseases. We highlight MSC treatment as a promising approach in the management of oral inflammatory diseases, and discuss the obstacles that remain and must be overcome for MSC treatment to thrive in the future.

Keywords:

Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs), Oral Diseases, Stem cell differentiation, Oral inflammation, Immune regulation, MSC Therapy.

Affiliation:

State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, Department of Periodontics and Oral Medicine, University of Michigan School of Dentistry, Ann Arbor, MI, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Research Unit of Oral Carcinogenesis and Management, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041



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