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Stem Cells Derived from Amniotic Fluid: A Potential Pluripotent-Like Cell Source for Cellular Therapy?

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 4 ]

Author(s):

Thamil Selvee Ramasamy*, Vithya Velaithan, Yelena Yeow and Fazlul H. Sarkar   Pages 252 - 264 ( 13 )

Abstract:


Background: Regenerative medicine aims to provide therapeutic treatment for disease or injury, and cell-based therapy is a newer therapeutic approach different from conventional medicine. Ethical issues that rose by the utilisation of human embryonic stem cells (hESC) and the limited capacity of adult stem cells, however, hinder the application of these stem cells in regenerative medicine. Recently, isolation and characterisation of c-kit positive cells from human amniotic fluid, which possess intermediate characteristics between hESCs and adult stem cells, provided a new approach towards realising their promise for fetal and adult regenerative medicine. Despite the number of studies that have been initiated to characterize their molecular signature, research on developing approaches to maintain and enhance their regenerative potential is urgently needed and must be developed.

Aim: Thus, this review is focused on understanding their potential uses and factors influencing their pluripotent status in vitro.

Conclusion: In short, this cell source could be an ideal cellular resource for pluripotent cells for potential applications in allogeneic cellular replacement therapies, fetal tissue engineering, pharmaceutical screening, and in disease modelling.

Keywords:

Amniotic fluid stem cells, pluripotency, fetal stem cells, regenerative medicine, cellular therapy, tissue.

Affiliation:

Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Molecular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Lembah Pantai, Kuala Lumpur, Department of Pathology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201



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