Ran Zhang and Tiejun Li* Pages 118 - 124 ( 7 )
Background: Tooth root development begins after the completion of tooth crown development. Both the tooth root and crown undergo a series of interactions between the epithelium and adjacent mesenchymal cells. Although many studies have evaluated tooth crown formation, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms of tooth root development. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that regulate protein expression through post-transcriptional mechanisms and participate in a broad range of biological processes, from development to tumorigenesis. The functional importance of miRNAs on the development of tooth root and periodontal tissues has been suggested in many studies.
Objective: To summarize the functions of miRNAs on tooth root and periodontal tissue development.
Results: MicroRNAs are important to root odontogenesis, Hertwig’s epithelial root sheath and periodontal tissue development, and have functions in stem cells from dental or periodontal tissues.
Conclusion: The modulation of miRNAs in tooth root and periodontal tissue development is fine tuning.
microRNA, root odontogenesis, periodontal tissue, tooth root development.
Department of Oral Pathology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Peking University, Beijing, Department of Oral Pathology, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Peking University, Beijing