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The Epigenetic Regulation in Tooth Development and Regeneration

[ Vol. 13 , Issue. 1 ]

Author(s):

Yao Lin, Liwei Zheng, Li Fan, Wei Kuang, Rui Guo, Jiong Lin, Jiahua Wu and Jiali Tan*   Pages 4 - 15 ( 12 )

Abstract:


Background: Tooth loss occurs with age and significantly impacts the quality of elderly's life both physically and psychologically. It has been well known that odontogenesis is a complicated process with sequential and reciprocal interactions between epithelial and mesenchymal tissues and different types of dental tissue-derived stem cells involve in it. However, only a small portion of the intricate mechanisms has been defined nowadays. Among them, epigenetics has become an increasingly important mechanism for tooth development and regeneration.

Objective: This review aims at illustrating the function of epigenetic regulation in odontogenesis, which plays an important role in dental tissue-derived stem cell self-renewal and differentiation nowadays and would be a new strategy for tooth regeneration.

Results: In this review, we introduced the natural process of tooth development and the functions of stem cells involved in. Furthermore, we summarized the current knowledge on epigenetic regulation including DNA methylation, histone modification, and non-coding RNAs during odontogenesis, providing the theoretical basis for tooth regeneration.

Conclusion: Along with a deeper understanding of odontogenesis, the epigenetic mechanism involved in has become increasingly important. Therefore, it’s necessary to further study the functions of epigenetic regulation in tooth development and regeneration, which may make tooth regeneration a reality in the future.

Keywords:

Epigenetics, odontogenesis, tooth development, tooth-derived stem cells, tooth regeneration, non-coding RNAs.

Affiliation:

Department of Orthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, 510055, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Sichuan University, Wuhou District, Chengdu, Sichuan 610041, Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, School of Pharmacy, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, Shanxi, 710032, Department of Stomatology, Guangzhou General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, 111 Liuhua Road, Guangzhou 510010, Key Laboratory of Biomaterials of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes and Department of Biomedical Engineering, Jinan University, Guangzhou 510632, Department of Orthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, 510055, Department of Orthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, 510055, Department of Orthodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University and Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Stomatology, Guangzhou, 510055



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