Shalin Shaunak, Baljinder S. Dhinsa and Wasim S. Khan Pages 225 - 232 ( 8 )
Orthopaedic surgery lends itself well to advances in technology. An area of interest and ongoing research is that of the production of scaffolds for use in trauma and elective surgery. 3D printing provides unprecedented accuracy in terms of micro- and macro-structure and geometry for scaffold production. It can also be utilised to construct scaffolds of a variety of different materials and more recently has allowed for the construction of bio-implants which recapitulate bone and cartilage tissue. This review seeks to look at the various methods of 3DP, the materials used, elements of functionality and design, as well as modifications to increase the biomechanics and bioactivity of 3DP scaffolds.
3D printing, Rapid prototyping, bone scaffold, orthopaedic implant.
Department of Trauma & Orthopaedics, Medway NHS Foundation Trust, Windmill Road, Gillingham, Kent, ME7 5NY,, Division of Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cambridge, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, CB2 2QQ