Dafni Moschidou, Katharina Drews, Ayad Eddaoudi, James Adjaye, Paolo De Coppi and Pascale V. Guillot Pages 73 - 81 ( 9 )
Mid-gestation c-KIT+ amniotic fluid stem cells (AFSC) have an intermediate phenotype between embryonic and adult stem cells and are easy to reprogram to pluripotency. We previously showed that 1st trimester AFSC can be reprogrammed to functional pluripotency in a transgene-free approach. Despite both parental populations sharing a common phenotype, expressing CD29, CD44, CD73, CD90, CD105, SSEA4 and OCT4, 2nd trimester AFSC, contrary to 1st trimester cells, do not express NANOG, SSEA3, TRA-1-60 and TRA-1-81, and have slower growth kinetics. Here, we used the Illumina Beadstudio microarray platform to analyse the transcriptome of 1st and 2nd trimester AFSC and show a unique 1st trimester AFSC-specific gene expression signature consisting of 366 genes and a larger set of 603 genes common with hESC compared to 496 genes overlapping between 2nd trimester AFSC and hESC. We conclude that both populations are related but distinct to each other as well as to hESC.
Amniotic fluid, amniotic fluid stem cells, gene expression, human embryonic stem cells, stem cells, transcriptome, c-KIT, RNA.
Institute of Reproductive and Developmental Biology, Imperial College London, London, W12 0NN, United Kingdom